These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events in relation to the reform movements, earning two more points.
Look at the question below and formulate a response. These farmers were among the first and most outspoken advocates of reform in the late 19th century. Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century.
After the question, there are two sample essays that would receive a perfect scores. Thus, both the populist and progressive movements sought Ap us history essay reform movements combat the negative effects of industrialization and economic expansion by focusing primarily on railroad regulation and the strengthening and enforcement of antitrust legislation.
President Roosevelt also pushed for the establishment of the forest service and appointed a conservation-minded ally, Gifford Pinchot, to head that agency.
It is also true that the two most influential reform movements, the temperance and abolitionist movements, were not primarily concerned with the effects of the Market Revolution. Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil.
InPresident Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company.
Nevertheless, some progressive reformers like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot did pay significant attention to preventing further damage to the natural environment and helped to found the modern conservation movement. In addition, the essay uses a lot of pertinent information from the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt to support the thesis statement and also addresses how there were some reforms that dealt with the natural environment, i.
Sample Essay 1 While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment.
In other words, you are expected to treat history and historical questions as a historian would. The essay does a good job arguing that reform was taking place throughout the United States and that some industrialists supported it and some reform was affected by the Market Revolution.
This process is called historiography— the skills and strategies historians use to analyze and interpret historical evidence to reach a conclusion. Through its clear thesis, the essay is also able to address the targeted skill of causation by dealing with the causes and effects of the events mentioned in the question, for which it earns both of the possible points.
You modified the statement in developing your argument and employed the use of other categories.
The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing. These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events on merchants and reformers in relation to the reform movements.
This thesis statement establishes a clear argument that addresses all parts of the question and makes a clear argument, earning the point for thesis. Remember the four steps: While some reformers such as the Tappan brothers and Robert Owen, the founder of a utopian community at New Lanark, Indiana, were successful merchants and industrialists, a much larger number of prominent reformers, including most of the leaders of the temperance and abolitionist movements, were motivated primarily by their religious beliefs.
This essay scores a 6 out of a possible 6 points. Among the most important, most dedicated leaders of the abolitionist movement were the New York brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan, wealthy merchants who gave strong financial support to the anti-slavery movement. And, of these four famous reformers, only Beecher was a New Englander.
Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. Yet the spread of the Market Revolution did significantly increase the number of employers who supported the temperance movement, if for no other reason than to try to ensure that their employees came to work sober and ready to do their jobs.
These organizations quickly spread throughout the country, opening hundreds of local chapters.
Thus, although New England was home to a substantial number of reformers during the antebellum period, it was only one of a number of centers of reform. Long Answer Sample Question The reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century focused primarily on the effects of the accelerating Industrial Revolution, especially its impact on the natural environment.
Like the so-called Market Revolution, reform movements flourished throughout the nation during these years, and while some merchants and industrialists were leading reformers, the largest number of prominent reformers appear to have been motivated by religious beliefs rather than a desire to combat any of the evils attributed by contemporaries to the Market Revolution.
A few years later, another progressive reformer, Woodrow Wilson, succeeded to the presidency, and he managed to further strengthen the antitrust laws by pushing the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress in For example, it points out that the Anti-Slavery Society and Temperance Society were not just limited to New England and that some of the important leaders were merchants.
Thus, when writing an effective essay, you must be able to write a strong and clearly developed thesis and supply a substantial amount of relevant evidence to support your thesis.AP ® United States History Exam. reform movements, such as antebellum reformers, civil rights activists, and social conservatives, have caused changes to state institutions and U.S.
society. Sample Questions AP U.S. History. Between the years andthe US underwent a series of social and political reforms which attempted to democratize American life.
Reform movements during this period of Jacksonian Democracy attempted to dissolve disunity in the social ladder and pushed for equal rights among all citizens. In the early nineteenth century, Americans had the highest literacy rate in the western world, and yet there was no statewide system of free elementary schools anywhere in the United States.
Reformers were influenced by Thomas Jefferson's vision of an educated electorate, and the desire to inculcate students—including increasing numbers of non. The AP U.S. History Exam tests knowledge of U.S. History from the first European explorations of the Americas up through modern times.
The bulk of the questions focuses on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. “Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals.” Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to the years Oberman AP U.S. History, Period 6 2 February APUSH DBQ Reform movements in the United States from greatly benefited to expand democratic ideals that shape our nation today, but they also limited the expansion with some reforms.Download