The extremist ethnic Hutu regime in office in appeared genuinely to believe that the only way it could hang on to power was by wiping out the ethnic Tutsis completely. Soldiers and police officers encouraged ordinary citizens to take part.
MEDIA Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Radio soap operas have been used to foster peace and reconciliation and to help heal the wounds left by the genocide Newspaper readership is limited and press often exercise self-censorship.
And a Congolese Tutsi rebel group remains active, refusing to lay down arms, saying otherwise its community would be at risk of genocide. Some Tutsis managed to escape to refugee camps The early organisers included military officials, politicians and businessmen, but soon many others joined in the mayhem.
Within hours, recruits were dispatched all over the country to carry out a wave of slaughter. Mr Kagame has been criticised for trampling on freedoms, building up the army to assert his authority, and using anti-genocide legislation to clamp down on opponents. On the ground at least, the Rwandans were largely left alone by the international community.
Not surprisingly, the Tutsis welcomed this idea, and for the next 20 years they enjoyed better jobs and educational opportunities than their neighbours.
It also criticises Belgium for unilaterally withdrawing its peacekeepers after the murder of ten of its soldiers. Whoever was behind the killing its effect was both instantaneous and catastrophic. Resentment among the Hutus gradually built up, culminating in a series of riots in The economic situation worsened and the incumbent president, Juvenal Habyarimana, began losing popularity.
In some cases, Hutu civilians were forced to murder their Tutsi neighbours by military personnel.
Building up to genocide This was still the case in the years before the genocide. There have always been disagreements between the majority Hutus and minority Tutsis, but the animosity between them has grown substantially since the colonial period.
Their aim was to overthrow Habyarimana and secure their right to return to their homeland. History of violence Ethnic tension in Rwanda is nothing new. However, Tutsis are often taller and thinner than Hutus, with some saying their origins lie in Ethiopia.
He was sworn in as vice-president and defence minister in the new, post-genocide government in Julybut was widely seen as the real power in Rwanda.
But the pair later fell out and Bizimungu was jailed on charges of inciting ethnic violence, while Mr Kagame became president.
The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on 6 April Within hours, recruits were dispatched all over the country to carry out a wave of slaughter. Habyarimana chose to exploit this threat as a way to bring dissident Hutus back to his side, and Tutsis inside Rwanda were accused of being RPF collaborators.
A Rwandan minister reacted to the report by saying Mr Annan should come to Kigali and apologise "in person".
In Augustafter several attacks and months of negotiation, a peace accord was signed between Habyarimana and the RPF, but it did little to stop the continued unrest.
The economic situation worsened and the incumbent president, Juvenal Habyarimana, began losing popularity. When the Belgian colonists arrived inthey produced identity cards classifying people according to their ethnicity.
Two million Hutus flee to Zaire, now DR Congo The two ethnic groups are actually very similar - they speak the same language, inhabit the same areas and follow the same traditions. The UN failed the people of Rwanda during the genocide in Inquiry report An independent inquiry team - headed by former Swedish Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson - said the UN had ignored evidence that a genocide was planned and had refused to act once it had started.
The government collapsed and the RPF declared a ceasefire. Search for justice The Belgians considered the Tutsis to be superior to the Hutus.
Exactly who killed the president - and with him the president of Burundi and many chief members of staff - has not been established. History of violence Ethnic tension in Rwanda is nothing new.But the death of the president was by no means the only = cause of=20 Africa's largest genocide in modern times.=20 History of violence.
Rwanda: How the genocide happened Somepeople were killed in Rwanda's genocide in just days Between April and Junean estimatedRwandans were killed in the space of days. The report highlights the role of Mr Annan, who was head of UN peacekeeping at the time, sharply criticising his failure to act on a warning of the risk of genocide sent by the head of the UN peacekeepers in Rwanda.
But the death of the president was by no means the only cause of Africa's largest genocide in modern times. History of violence Ethnic tension in Rwanda is nothing new.
Rwanda, a small landlocked country in east-central Africa, is trying to recover from the ethnic strife that culminated in government-sponsored. In just days insomepeople were slaughtered in Rwanda by ethnic Hutu extremists. They were targeting members .Download