Such a sequential approach allows the decision maker to arrive at the optimal decision. The rational planning model has fallen out of mass use as of the last decade. Fifth, they compare each alternative, and its consequences, with the other alternatives. Fourth, relations between organization members and between them and their clients are formal and impersonal.
By knowing the players, the demands, the formulation processes, and interactions, the administrator can structure the decision-making process and obtain direction in the application of policy. Systems theory and its use in administration can encourage a concern with normative issues that involve individual rights, representation, and administrative discretion.
Sometimes, incrementalism will be adequate. The methodology caters to addressing complex issues by breaking it down into simple steps, and considering all aspects of the problem with all possible solutions before making a final decision. A decision maker may take decisions which are the best in terms of his own personal interest rather than what is in the best interest of the organization.
Moreover, the reliance of scientific data to generate the most optimal choice works well in theory, but human ability has limits to gather, process, and understand all the information needed to optimize a decision outcome.
The problem lies in the thinking procedure implied by the model which is linear and can face difficulties in extra ordinary problems or social problems which have no sequences of happenings. In addition, administrators can enhance application and adherence to the rules because of a limited span of control and reduced hierarchical layering of functions.
They wanted to formulate a generalized scientific language and methodology they could use to define a set of principles that were valid for all organization systems, whatever the nature of their component elements and the relations between them.
Advantages of the Bureaucratic Model There are several advantages to using a bureaucratic form of organization in the public sector. There is no better illustration of the dilemmas of rational policy making in America than in the field of health…the first obstacle to rationalism is defining the problem.
Not Enough Information If you do not have enough information, it can feel like you are making a decision without any basis. Nonetheless, many criticisms of the model arise due to claim of the model being impractical and lying on unrealistic assumptions.
Mixed scanning combines both rational and incremental decision processes. There is no single decision or right solution for a problem. He, however, also finds some shortcomings in the incremental theory Etzioni The number of subordinates is kept to a small number to enhance the unity of command.
For example, a decision to produce high quality goods may result into increase in cost of production and; may not be possible to sell the product with sufficient profit margin. The policy is brought through. As such, any policy alternative that does not meet this threshold can be removed from consideration.
Rational decision-making is steeped in conservatism, and errs on the side of caution. Public administrators burdened with exhaustive schedules and agendas will find incrementalism especially useful.
The decision maker only considers a few alternatives for dealing with a problem. Distributional equity — how policy impacts are distributed amongst different demographics. On the other hand, over-reliance on rational analysis may lead to choosing conventional solutions and stifling potential insights that are both intuitive and creative.
While making decisions, an individual is likely to seek the protection of his self interest and decision making power. Brainstorming and thoroughly researching options not only provides a solid base for making a good decision, but also may identify alternatives you might not otherwise have considered.
Decision makers do not have complete knowledge of all the facts surrounding the problems. Third, decision makers examine the various alternatives for dealing with the problem.and decision making Rational decision making is good for incremental, linear causality but a rational approach continued too long will always fail eventually6.
Ormerod Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of adopting a multi-paradigm or multi-rationality approach to management and decision. Although the phrase “rational organization theory” may lead some people to think in terms of organizational structure or design, the term actually refers to a decision-making framework.
The rational model says that businesses are structures designed to achieve specific goals in logical and predictable ways.
The main disadvantages are that rational decision making is much slower than intuitive decision making and the desired outcomes are often not any better.
Non-rational model is “suggesting that the information gathering and processing limitations make it difficult for manager to make optimal decision” (Bartol et al,P). There are three other models in the non-rational decision making and those are Satisficing model, Incremental model and Rubbish-bin model.
According to the research findings, rational decision creation model is a cognitive progression which requires that each step must be followed in a logical manner and in an organized manner.
The cognitive process of rational decision-making model requires thinking and evaluating the alternatives for attaining the best possible result. What are the limits on Rational Decision Making? Decisions are not always made in full accordance with the demands of rationality. Following factors serve as limitations on rationality in decision making.Download