Erikson warned against this over-protectiveness of parents as it prohibits children to explore and become curious of their environment. Although at first glancethis may seem to be a display of autonomyyet in closer examination of the childhe does not enjoy the benefits that interaction with other kids and with his parent brings.
Through the reprimands and the stern warnings of his motherhe becomes dependent on his mother and unable to explore his environment and his surroundings. His father brought out a ball that the toddler apparently loved playing with.
Furthermoreparentsand everyone dealing with childrenshould be sensitive to the different levels of development of the child as demonstrated by Piaget and Erikson. The toddler was delighted with such play with his father.
True enoughwhen the child has strong relationships with his parentshe tends to be more socially responsive and socially amiable.
Instead Essays on observational learning stoppinghowever toddler cried even louder and displayed tantrums. The mother actually uses her authority over the child to forbid him from going somewhere else.
Hence instead of developing self-confidence and self-esteemtoddler two will instead feel shame and doubt Franz WhiteToddler two cried when his mother forbade him to wander into the park When the child criedthe mother responded by being firmer and she almost shouted to toddler two to stop.
Apparentlythe mother wants to keep the child in her sight most of the time. This display of authority on the part of the mother is remarkable and shows the secure connection between her and the child CharlesworthToddler Two When I felt that I have sufficiently observed toddler oneI decided to turn my attention to another toddler playing with a dog not very far from the first toddler.
Since the relationship of the child with his mother is of utmost importance Charlesworth, then his cognitiveemotional and social development will suffer as a consequence. Although the parents brought strollers with them the toddlers were walking and occasionally carried by their parents Both of the families of the toddlers seem to belong to the middle class Notablythe second toddler belongs to a mother without a father Although the author could not exactly know whether she is a single parent or notat least based on the observation at the parkthe mother does not have any other company in visiting the park Both toddlers appear to be enamored with their surroundings.
By distracting himselfhe forgot about the incident and started to enjoy himself again. Otherwisehe might become a recluse and refuse the company of people Charlesworth When Toddler one was playing ball with another childthere was an instance in which the other child managed to grab the ball more quickly than toddler oneso what he did was to forcibly claim the ball from his playmate and withheld it from the latter.
Journal of Personality53 2KeenanT The tone of the mother appeared to be negotiating instead of imposing. As part of his cognitive developmenthe notices the shapescolorsand different sensations and wonders he encounter in his world.
It was as if the concepts and theories discussed by Piaget and Erikson were coming to life. That waythe true nature of the relationship between the parents and the toddlers will be easily observed and analyzed and the understanding of the interactions between parents and children will be better understood.
He uses his eyeshis earshis noseand his whole body to discover the world and learn how it works. She explained further that the leaf grows on the branchwhich the toddler dutifully picked up and offered to her mother again.
This then seeks to look at such a relationship by presenting direct observations from families and toddlers that visit the park in our community. His effortsbecause they are yet insufficientare supplemented by his parentsmore particularly by his motherwho tells him the names of objects and how they are being referred to in the world Through the explanation of the mother about the nature of the relationship between leaves and branchesthe child is then able to look at the relationship of different objects in his environment albeit in an incomplete fashion.
For the purpose of this studyhoweverI chose to go to the park and observe parents and their toddlers play together. How to Write a Summary of an Article? Ifhoweverthe nature of the relationship bs on the dysfunctionalthen the socialization skills of the child will be negatively affected.
The only companion of the toddler in the park is his mother and their Labrador. The explanation of the mother regarding the relationship of leaves and branches may not be sufficient for the child to understand the relationship because most of the knowledge of a child advances through his actions and his interpretation about the consequences of the actions he make Franz WhiteNotablythe toddler was now engaging in eye-to-eye contact with his parents and occasionally asks them for what he wants.
Observational Learning There are a number of places where toddlers could be observed unobtrusively — at the parkthe playgroundthe malland the daycare center.
These circumstances will therefore bring forth negative consequences in the development of the social skills of the child and he might find it difficult to relate with other people when he grows up KeenanWhen the child attempts to play farther from his motherthe latter would come after him and tell him not to move around too much.
The strength of the attachment of a child with his parents is very important for him to develop the necessary skills for socialization and in relating with others in his environment If the relationship of a child with his parents is good as demonstrated by the first toddler I observedthen the child will greatly benefit from it.
As he grows uphe will have struggles in relating with different kinds of people in his environment By observing toddlersnumerous lessons can be gleaned and the nature of the relationship between child and parents will be assessed Accordinglyintervention strategies could be arrived at so that the child will not suffer needlessly.Feb 27, · Observational Learning During this course we studied that behaviors can be learned through our own experiences or observing others.
Learning is the knowledge obtained in life through education, interacting with. Observational Essay healing and curing in the field of medical practice. Framework and process of learning: In form of small-group learning discussions, role-plays, observational tasks will be introduced by which students can be active participants in learning by acquiring not only theoretical issues.
This essay will address aspects of psychology by exploring different types and stages of Observational learning and Memory.
A Observational Learning Learning is define as “the process of acquiring knowledge through experience which leads to a lasting change in behaviour” (Huczynski & Buchanan (), p). Observational learning (OL) occurs when from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed.
An observer's behavior changes after viewing the behavior of a model. We observe the behavior of other, observe the consequences, and later will imitate their behavior. An observer's /5(11). Learning how to play an instrument is a good example of observational learning, but not the only type of learning that can occur.
Most people know how to cook, even if they have never taken a cooking class, this is because of observational learning. Observational Learning There are a number of places where toddlers could be observed unobtrusively – at the park, the playground, the mall, and the daycare center.
For the purpose of this study, however, I chose to go to the park and observe parents and their toddlers play together.Download