Similarly, McIntyre in his study of songwriting describes not only interview procedures applied but also cultural practices and participant observation techniques applied. Qualitative studies typically depend on either self observations e.
Along with training your supervisors to conduct observations, you may want to bring in a professional who is trained in conducting objective and discreet workplace observations. Lack of appropriate comparison groups, in turn, makes it difficult to determine whether the behaviors being observed, in fact, exert unique effects on creativity and innovation.
Some researchers use alcohol-screening surveys. Because costs are associated with conducting drug testing, you might choose not to use this method for assessment.
Specifically, exactly how are observations coded or evaluated? The other aspect of observational method pertains to the nature of the people making the observations.
One-on-One Interviews When conducted by a trained and objective facilitator, one-on-one interviews often provide a greater depth of knowledge and a more honest account of a situation than some other methods.
Remember, however, that behaviors may be changed by the very act of observing. These are easy to obtain and compare. These methods can be useful for describing a situation and can provide insight for your intervention approach.
Qualitative Methods Qualitative methods are a good starting point when you begin your assessment. Accordingly, a critical question arising in qualitative studies concerns the observational methods employed.
Consider records on the following, which have all been linked to substance use: The disadvantage of this approach is that it offers only one viewpoint.
For some workplaces, especially where there are significant safety or security issuesdrug testing is required by law. Focus groups also allow for interaction among the members of the group, which often stimulates further discussion and uncovers unanticipated issues and insights.
It can be done for specific groups such as safety-sensitive positions, or it can be done for all workers. Creative work, particularly in real-world settings, which is the focus of most qualitative studies, is an inherently complex, multi-faceted, phenomenon.
As a result, demonstrating that a creative product, or products, has been produced is critical to the inferences drawn in qualitative studies.
Observation You can learn a lot by observing employees. This allows for in-depth probing of issues. In part, concerns with regard to generality pertain to the limited number of cases being observed in most qualitative studies McIntyre, One aspect of this methods question pertains to the aspects of creativity which were observed.
In this study, members of 9 virtual teams working in various organizational consulting firms were studied.
Employees might underreport substance use out of fear of disciplinary action or job loss, despite assurances of confidentiality and anonymity. Do you feel safe at work? Thus Sawyerin his study of creativity among jazz musicians, describes in detail the interview protocol used to elicit the observational data.
Drug Testing Chemical drug testing is a more objective approach for assessing whether there is a drug use problem in the workplace. What should be recognized here, however, is that the value of such studies is to a large extent dependent on the creativity of the particular set of products being studied.
Analysis of the crisis events occurring during development of this product led to the conclusions that crises were common in the development of innovative products and that the sense-making activities engaged in by project leaders are critical to the success of these efforts.
Because creative and innovative products can be identified at different levels of analysis, qualitative studies have been conducted at a number of different levels of analysis.
The second limitation, however, is more subtle albeit equally important.Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment Methods Use both qualitative and quantitative assessment methods to gain a thorough understanding of how substance use is affecting your workplace.
A study on workplace substance misuse prevention reports challenges associated with both qualitative and quantitative approaches.
3. The course will also deals with aspects of multiple dosing and accumulation, drug protein binding and non-linear pharmacokinetics of drugs. 4. The pharmacokinetics of specific drugs will also be addressed. COURSE COMPETENCIES: 1. and statistics.
Qualitative research has an established track record of contributing to thinking about the micro and macro aspects of drug consumption and distribution, the production of knowledge about drugs, Nichter et al.
Ch 1 Drug action: Pharmaceutic, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic phases the scientific discipline studying how the effect of a drug action varies from a predicted drug response because of genetic factors/hereditary influence.
Drug Action: Pharmaceutic, Pharmacokinetic, and Pharmacodynamic Phases. Features. Study Qualitative & Quantitative Aspects of Drug Action flashcards from Amanda A.
on StudyBlue. The purpose of this study was to examine domains of personality, family, and peer variables and their relationship to the qualitative (stage) and quantitative (frequency) aspects of adolescents' drug use.Download