The concept is controversial in some quarters. Georgia followed in the 90s, and many other states tweaked various aspects of traditional civil service provisions.
Opponents argue that it is pretentious and prefer more modest terms like recommended practices.
The adoption of the merit system across the country was undoubtedly one of the most important benchmarks of the modern age. What is postmodern about these developments? The cases demonstrated that a written merit system policy was no guarantee against corruption.
A learning partnership is recommended in such a situation, where seniors pass on their organizational and substantive knowledge, while junior partners share their tech savviness. The 75th anniversary of ASPA is an appropriate milestone to compare modern with postmodern benchmarks in public administration.
Let me illustrate this learning process using the merit system as example. It establishes a top-down hierarchy and clear chain of command.
However, in public administration theory and practice, the concept does not imply a universal truth. A theme of postmodern criticism is the opposition to scholarship that seeks to uncover grand theories of a foundational nature.
Future columns will describe management innovations that work better when merit system standards are simplified. They contribute to greater complexity in governance issues. High-tech developments and increased population diversity are important aspects of the transformation.
Under high-tech conditions, however, mid- and lower level employees may be more knowledgeable and faster learners of new hardware and software. Overall, employers are advised to make learning a core value of their organizational culture or a best practice.
Texas abolished its merit system for most of its state and local employees in the 80s. Considering the degree of corruption in government, we know that this goal was not always achieved but at least benchmarks had been established.
Postmodernists argue that under high-tech conditions, the future of best practices is fuzzy and rigid rules should not be adopted. It introduced standardized testing procedures, provided job security and required political neutrality of public employees.
It was to function like a well-tended machine that could serve the industrial economy by building a strong infrastructure. Only a few years later severe corruption cases surfaced in a dozen local jurisdictions in Southern California, thanks to the diligent work of the Los Angeles Times.FROM PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION TO PUBLIC MANAGEMENT The study of public administration since the early s has been concerned predominantly with the so-called ‘paradigm shift’ from principles of public administration to those of public management; that is, the apparent move away from what is now seen as a traditional.
Paradigm shift from New Public Administration to New Public Management: theory and practice in Africa S VYAS-DOORGAPERSAD1 Abstract The African continent is facing a number of administrative crises.
The recent decline of public administration on the continent has forced some African countries to re-assess their governance systems. Mar 04, · The American Society for Public Administration is the largest and most prominent professional association for public administration.
It is dedicated to advancing the art, science, teaching and practice of public and non-profit administration/5(5). The decline in popularity of New Public Management worldwide reinvigorated the search for a new paradigm in the field of public administration.
Several alternatives to New Public Management, such as the New Governance and Public Value paradigms, have gained prominence in recent years. Paradigm Shift in Public Administration S23 administration and management as a par t of their core curricula.
Although some related top-ics may be covered in elective courses, it is pos-sible for students in these programs to graduate without any exposure to fundamental issues in public administration and management. Their public service reforms are evidence of the emergence of New Public Management (NPM) for improved public sector administrative structures and operations.
This article discusses the paradigm shifts from New Public Administration to New Public Management, as a means of meeting public administration challenges in Africa.Download